Dr. Stephen Tiffany


My research is in the area of drug addiction. I do studies on the processes of drug craving, the causes of drug dependence, the diagnosis of dependence, adolescent drug use, and the interaction of biological and psychological factors in the control of addictive behaviors. My craving work focuses on understanding the role of drug craving in addiction. I have also done research on the variables that regulate the development of addiction in young cigarette smokers. In addition, I conduct research on the processes that motivate addictive behavior. In some of our research, my students and I examine addicts’ craving reactions to cues that are related to drug use. For example, smokers might be shown pictures of someone lighting a cigarette. Recently, we have looked at cue reactions when smokers are presented with cues in their natural environment. In other research, we are developing new behavioral and biological measures to track the smoking behavior of low-level smokers.

I was awarded the American Psychological Association Distinguished Scientific Award for Early Career Contribution to Psychology in 1993. I have been on the editorial boards of several journals including the Journal of Abnormal Psychology, Psychotherapy, Studies on Alcohol, Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology and Nicotine and Tobacco Research. I have also served as a member of several NIH scientific review panels and have been a member of the Scientific Core Group of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation’s Tobacco Etiology Research Network (TERN) since the inception of the network in 1997. I am currently a member of the Research, Prevention, and Intervention for Addictions (RPIA), National Institutes of Health Review Committee.


Representative Publications

Wray, J. M., Gass, J. C., Miller, E., Wilkins, D., Rollins, D., & Tiffany, S. T. (2016). Comparative evaluation of self-report and biological measures of cigarette use in non-daily smokers. Psychological Assessment.

Germeroth, L. J., Wray, J. M., & Tiffany, S. T. (2015). Response time to craving item ratings as an implicit measure of craving-related processes. Clinical Psychological Science, 3, 530-544.

Gass, J. C., Motschman, C. A., & Tiffany, S. T. (2014). The relationship between craving and tobacco use behavior in laboratory studies: A meta-analysis. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 28, 1162-1176.

Wray, J. M, Gass, J. C., & Tiffany, S. T. (2014). The magnitude and reliability of cue-specific craving in nondependent smokers. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 134, 304-308.

Sazonov, E., Lopez-Meyer, P., & Tiffany, S. T. (2013). A wearable sensor system for monitoring of cigarette smoking. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 74, 956-964.

Sayette, M. A. & Tiffany, S.T. (2013). Peak provoked craving: An alternative to smoking cue-reactivity. Addiction, 108, 1019-1025.

Wray, J. M.,  Gass, J. C., & Tiffany, S. T. (2013). A systematic review of the relationships between craving and smoking cessation outcome. Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 15, 1167-1182.

Tiffany, S. T. & Wray, J. M. (2012). The clinical significance of drug craving. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1248, 1-17.

Tiffany S. T., Friedman, L., Greenfield, S. F. , Hasin, D. S., & Jackson, R. (2012). Beyond drug use: A systematic consideration of other outcomes in evaluations of treatments for substance use disorders. Addiction, 107, 709-718.

Gass, J. C., Wray, J. M.,  Hawk, L. W., Mahoney, M. C., & Tiffany, S. T. (2012). The impact of varenicline on cue-specific craving assessed in the natural environment of cigarette smokers. Psychopharmacology, 223, 107-116.

Wray, J. M., Godleski, S. A., & Tiffany, S. T. (2011). Cue-reactivity in the natural environment of cigarette smokers: The impact of photographic and in vivo smoking stimuli. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 25, 733-737.